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video file extensions

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The world of online media exploded with the widespread use of video files. However, all of those additional options also made life more confusing for non-professionals who often use video files. There are many different types of video file extensions out there, and it’s important to know what type of file you need before you convert any of your old files.

Being better educated about video file types can also help you make better decisions when you buy new videos online and have to select the type of file you want to receive.

Some of these video file extensions may sound familiar because they can also be used for an audio file, but the features are different when video is involved.

Video File Extensions

Flash Video – FLV

The FLV video file format has become very popular lately because of its cross-platform usage. Almost all website platforms and browsers support flash videos. Flash can support streaming downloads as well as progressive downloads and these files are also very compact to take up less space.

AVI Format – AVI

The Audio Video Interleave file is still popular among many users and this is likely because it was originally developed by Microsoft. That means the video file type is well supported and you shouldn’t have many issues with trying to play these types of files. Of course, if you do have problems, you can easily convert the videos to a different type of video file and it should then work for you.

The AVI video file extension works with multiple types of codec’s and the file contains both audio and video files. However, the M-JPEG or DivX codecs are the ones most often used.

Quicktime – MOV

The MOV file is another video format and this one was originally developed by Apple, however it can also be played on Windows computers. It is most frequently used to store video files or movies for online use. The format typically includes tracks that store the audio, video or accompanying text snippets that go along with the video.

MP4 Format – MP4

Contrary to what some people believe, an MP4 file is NOT just a bigger, better version of an MP3 file. The MP4 video format is typically used to store visual (or audio) streams online, most frequently for those files that are defined by MPEG. Video file extensions like the MP4s are best played on Apple QuickTime Player devices.

MPG

The MPG file format (Moving Picture Expert Groups) usually use either MPEG-1 or MPEG-2 to compress the video files. These types of video file extensions are frequently used when you are creating movies that yiou want to be able to download (or allow others to download). MPG files can be played on either Windows devices or on Apple QuickTime Player.

WMV

The Windows Media Video file extensions came from Microsoft and they can only be played on Window devices, unless you install extra components on your device to help with this. If there is not a conversion utility available for your device, you will need to convert the WMV file to a different video file type to be able to view it. The WMV file was originally created for online streaming, but has now become a focus for more specialized online content.

lossy format

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There are so many different options available when you want to convert your audio files or download new music tracks. The problem is that unless you’ve really done your research, you probably don’t know the difference between the different audio file extensions. We previously talked about the difference between lossy and lossless formats and we also discussed lossless file extensions in closer detail. In this post, we’re going to review the most popular lossy format extensions.

Unless you’re an “expert music listener”, chances are pretty good that you will be using the lossy format for most of your music. The music files are compressed, which means you can easily manage hundreds of tracks on your hard drive. While this compression reduces the quality, you probably won’t notice it unless your needs are “professional”.

Lossy Format Options

MP3

This is the type of lossy file format that most people are familiar with. “MP3” stands for MPEG Audio Layer III. If you download music, it is most likely to default to this file type. The MP3 file isn’t the most efficient type of lossy format, however it is the most common. This means it has the most support.

AAC

An Advanced Audio Coding file is another lossy file extension. iTunes from Apple has boosted the popularity of the ACC format and it is beginning to rival the MP3 file. The AAC extension is similar to MP3 files in the quality of the sound, but it does not take up as much space. Even though this is an Apple format, because of its popularity, most types of music devices have the ability to play it.

WMA

This is a Windows Media Audio file and it comes from Microsoft. The WMA lossy format is similar to both the MP3 and AAC in quality; however it falls behind because it is not as well supported. This means you may need to convert your audio files at some point in the future depending on what devices you use for your music. Unless there is a specific need to have a WMA file, it is probably best to use AAC or MP3 if you have a choice.

Ogg Vorbis

This is an open source format that is similar to MP3 and AAC. Since it is open source, it is free and doesn’t have patent restrictions like the more popular audio file types. However, if you are just a user that probably doesn’t have as much of an impact on you. If you strongly favor open source options, Egg Vorbis is a good one. However it is important to note that since it is not as popular as the other lossy formats, you will likely be much more restricted on the types of devices you can use.

 


 

If you want to use a lossy format, the best option is likely to be either an MP3 or AAC format. They both give you high quality without using up a ton of space on your hard drive. They are also both well supported and are likely to be able to be played on most types of music devices.

In a previous article, we image extensionsdiscussed several of the most popular image file extensions. This included the raster image extensions of JPG, GIF and PNG as well as the vector format of SVG. While those are the image extensions most people are familiar with, it is not a comprehensive list, by far. There are hundreds of other file extensions used for image files, and that is what we’re focused on in this article. Each of the image extension types we discuss below are raster images.

Since these file formats are less common than the original four we discussed, you are more likely to have problems when you try to open them because your device may not be set up to handle them. If that is the case, a simple image file conversion program can help.

EXIF

The Exchangeable image is similar to the JFIF format that uses the TIFF extension. This image extension is most frequently used as part of the JPEG writing software that is part of many types of digital cameras. The EXIF handles the exchange of images from the digital camera to the software you use to edit and view the image. Some of the information contained in the file is from the camera like shutter speed, exposure level, date and time the picture was taken, etc.

TIFF

The Tagged Image File Format typically uses 8 or 16 bits per color (using red, green and blue), which gives combined totals of 24 or 48 bits. The structure of the TIFF file was created with flexibility in mind and it is easily extendible. This has caused many vendors to extend the file using proprietary tools and methods. While that makes the TIFF file very flexible, it also means that all TIFF files are not created equal. You may be able to view and edit some types of TIFF files, but not others.

RAW

The RAW file extension refers to “raw image formats”. These types of image extensions are used on some digital cameras instead of using a specific type of file extension. These types of files typically use lossless compression and the size of the file is typically smaller than TIFF formats.

BMP

Files that use BMP image extensions are created from a Windows bitmap file. This file image extension is used in (Microsoft) Windows to manage many graphic files. BMP files are typically very large because they are not compressed. However, since they can be used in any Windows program, they are very popular. However, because of their size, in many cases if you want to save them or send them to someone, you will need to convert them to a different type of image file first.

WEBP

This is a new type of image extension that was designed by Google. These files can be either lossless or lossy.    The format was designed to automatically reduce the size of the image so the web page could be loaded much more quickly. The WEBP format was also created with the goal of replacing the JPEG file as the standard for photos posted on the internet.

As mentioned above, there are literally hundreds of different image extensions. We discussed the most popular file types in a previous post and discussed the next tier of raster image extensions here. In future articles, we will discuss vector file types.

codecs and containersFiguring out the differences between some of the most popular image formats is relatively easy. All you have to do is look at the file extension and you know most of what you need to know. However, video formats are much more complicated. When you’re working with video files, the terms codecs and containers get used a lot, but most people don’t know what that means.

We’re going to break down the contents of a video file to make it easier to understand.

Think of the difference between a still image and a video. A picture is simply an image. However, there is movement and sound on a video and many videos also contain information about the content on the video file. All of that makes it difficult to know what kind of a video file you have, or what kind of file you need to convert to if necessary.

This article will outline some of the more common components of a video file.

There are many different types of video formats, but each type consists of the same 3 pieces.

  • Video and audio signal
  • Container
  • Codec

The video signal is the easiest to understand because these files simply contain information about the video. This includes the frame size, aspect ratio, frame rate and bitrate.

Codecs and Containers

The confusion for most people comes when you start talking about codecs and containers.

Container

A single video is actually comprised of several different types of files. The “container” for a video file is what it sounds like. It is a container that holds all of those different files for each video. Some of the most popular container extension types are MP4, AVI, MOV and FLV.

Codec

There is a codec file inside each container for a video. The codec is the software that is used to create the video and audio data. One of the big things a codec does is compress the video file. A typical video file is much too large for the average user to store on their computer, especially if you want to store several of them. The video must be compressed in order for it to be usable for most people. The specific codec that is used to handle this compression will have an impact on what computers and devices can play the video.

Codecs can be a problem because they are frequently proprietary and there are dozens available. Your computer likely has the ability to handle several codecs, but not all of them.

One of the most popular video codecs is H.264, also called MPEG-4 Part 10 because of its ability to work with most of the popular container types. MPEG-2 is another popular video codec.

Now we’ve covered some of the items that confuse many people when they first start looking at the world of video files, codecs and containers. Later articles will talk about the most popular video file formats. The next time your computer has a problem with a video file, you will know more about the nature of the problem, and how you need to convert your video to a format that is more usable for your computer.

In the early days of the eBooks, there were limited options when it came to the file extensions that were used. Whatever file they gave you was what you used because that is likelyebook file formats all that was available. However, today people and businesses have started publishing eBooks and there are also eReader devices on the market today. Of course, another problem is that we seem to replace our frequently replace our electronic devices with “bigger and better” models.

Because of those things, it’s become more confusing to keep track of the eBook file formats you can use on your devices and what will need to be converted before you can open and read it (or send it).

We’re here to clear up that confusion for you.

ePub

This eBook file format can be used on the Barnes & Noble Nook, Sony Readers and most Apple devices. There are also addons that can be used in Firefox to read the book on your computer. ePub is an open format and it was created with the purpose of acting as the source file for the book as well as the format needed for the end user.

AZW

The AZW file format is based on the MOBI format (but it has a much higher level of compression) and is used exclusively on the Amazon Kindle. However, Kindle has created many apps that allow their eBooks used on Apple products, computers and most tablets.

LIT

LIT is one of the eBook file formats that has been discontinued. It was developed for use on mobile Windows devices through the use of Microsoft Reader software. Since this has been discontinued, you will probably need to convert your eBook files to a format that can be read on your current devices.

PDF

The PDF eBook format is familiar to many people because it is a typical PDF file from Adobe. While this is one of the more popular eBook file formats, it has limitations. It can be read on any device that is equipped with Adobe Reader (and a few others), it does not scale well. This means the PDF eBook format is not very good for smart phones and smaller mobile devices.

ODF

The ODF file format is an XML based format. This is becoming popular because it is the default option for the OpenOffice suite of products that have been developed to give people a free alternative to the traditional Microsoft Office products.

Mobi

The MOBI format is used by the MobiPocket Reader. There is also software and apps available to read these types of eBook file formats on other approved devices. Some of the reading apps for other devices also open Mobi files. However, MOBI files sometimes have trouble converting tables and images on different size devices.

 

Now that you know what the best options are for eBook file formats, you can make a better choice when you are forced to use an eBook format converter on any of your eBook files.

The use of images has become very common in the online world. People see them, send them and post them. Most of the time, this is an easy process, and people can open and view any image file that they want to. However, because of the many different kinds of image file extensions, occasionally you run into trouble.

In some cases, you may need to convert an image file to a different type to view it. In other cases, you will need to convert your own images before you send them, save them or post them. If this is the case, you need to be careful which of the image types you use, because the quality and functionality can be impacted.

We’re going to review some of the more popular image file extensions to help you make the best choice.

Popular Image File Extensions

JPG

image file extensions

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This is one of the most popular image extensions and it stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group.

The compression process for a JPG file removes some of the colors from the image that are not visible to the human eye. Because of this, you have to be careful. If you reduce the quality of the JPG image to much, you may not be able to recover some of that lost color information.

People typically use JPGS for pictures of people and photos of products. This is because the color variance is very important in those photos. However, JPGS cannot handle transparency, so you shouldn’t use them if you want people to be able to view the background through the image.

GIF

GIF stands for Graphics Interchange Format. In this type of an image extension, there are a limited number of colors that are used when the image is shown. For example, a digital camera may use thousands of different colors in a picture. But if that picture is converted to a GIF image, there are only 256 colors that can be used.

You shouldn’t use GIF’s for pictures that contain a great deal of color detail, but they work well for items like logos or graphs. They also work well when you need to include transparency components in your image.

PNG

Another of the more popular image file extensions are PNG files. This is a Portable Network Graphic and it was created as a bigger, better version of a GIF file extension. A PNG file does support transparency, has many more colors available and it compresses the size of the file up to 25% better than GIF files. One problem with PNG files is that older browsers sometimes don’t handle some of the more advanced transparency issues very well.

SVG

Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) image file extensions have been around for nearly a dozen years, but these image types weren’t used very often. However, with the increased usage of HTML5, SVG files are becoming much more popular. This is because of their ability to create images that are very high in quality and their ability to include animation. SVG files also maintain their level of quality as the size of the image decreases or increases.


 

While these are some of the more popular image file extensions, it is definitely not an exhaustive list. When you are making the decision to convert your image file, it is important to learn about the options so that your converted image has the ability to do everything you need it to do!

There is no question that it can get very confusing when you are looking at all the different audio file types that are out there. If you have to convert old audio files, or even when you buy new music, you frequently have to pick a specific type of audio file to use. However, if you’re like most people, you basically pick the one that looks the easiest without having much knowledge to back up your decision.

Regardless of the reason you need to convert your audio files, it’s important to know the difference between the different audio file types so you can make the best decision.

The first thing you need to know is the difference between lossless and lossy audio formats, which we covered in this post. However, that is only the first piece of information you need to know.

In this article, we’ll talk about the different audio file types that are specific to the lossless format.

WAV and AIFFaudio file types

These two formats are uncompressed. That means the quality of the music in these files is as close as possible to the original audio source. The quality of these two formats is the same, but they are quite different in the way they store the data. The WAV file is relatively universal, while the AIFF file is specific to Apple, so you may have problems if you try to store this type of file on on-Apple products.

FLAC

This type of file is the Free Lossless Audio Codec. Since this is a lossless format, the quality of the audio is very high, but unlike most other lossless formats, this one HAS been compressed. This means the files don’t take up nearly as much space as the WAV and AIFF files. This unique combination makes this the best audio file type for casual music listeners. For those who are a little more technical, this file type is also free and open source.

Apple Lossless

The ALAC format (Apple Lossless) is the best choice if you want to listen and manage your music through both iTunes and iOS, because it if fully supported by both systems. This is another lossless file that is compressed, however the compression isn’t quite as impressive as that of the FLAC file type. If you use this type of file it will take up a little more space than the FLAC files, but not nearly as much as the WAV and AIFF files.

APE

An APE file is a lossless file that has the most compression, so it takes up the least amount of space on your computer. The quality of the audio is also equivalent to ALAC, FLAC and similar lossless files. However, the problem with the APE audio file type is that it isn’t supported by very many devices. The only time you would want to choose this type of file when you are converting your files is if you specifically have devices that are compatible, and you don’t plan on changing those devices in the future.


These are the major audio file types that are lossless formats. In a future article, we will review the lossy formats to help you decide which file type is the best for you.

Once you determine the proper type of file for your needs, you need to find a good online audio converter to do the job for you.

There is a great deal of confusion in the world of audio these days because there are so many different types of audio files. It’s become difficult for many people to keep track of all the options. If you need to convert your audio files because something won’t play on one of your devices, or you need to use a different file type in order to send or submit it, there is a lot of confusion about what file type to use.

Does File Type Matter When Converting Your Audio Files?

One thing you definitely must be aware of is that when you covert your audio files from one format to another, you may be hurting the quality of the music if you’re not careful. There are times when it makes sense to do this, but you want to be sure that you are aware of WHEN you’re doing it, because depending upon the specific type of conversion you make, you may not be able to backtrack.

Lossy vs Lossless

It’s important to understand the difference between a lossy format and lossless when you’re converting your audio files. The big word to key on in this explanation is “loss”. In simple terms, a lossy audio track has lost something from the original and a lossless format has not.

Let’s start with an easy example. When you rip your own music from a CD, you have a choice on how you want to save that audio file. If you want to save the audio file and retain the highest possible quality, you should save it as a lossless file. This means the original files basically remain intact, so when you play the music from your file, it will be as close as possible as it would be playing it from the cd (taking your speakers into account). The problem with this is that lossless files are usually very large. Depending upon the amount of music you have and the storage space you have available, this can quickly become a significant problem.

If you save the file in a lossy format, it will be much smaller in size. That saves on storage space and also makes it much quicker to download. However, the trade-off is when you use the lossy format, you’re actually removing chunks of data.

That loss of data is going to have an impact on the quality of the music. However, how much of an impact it has will depend upon what kind of an ear you have, how much quality you actually want, and how you listen to your music.

When converting your audio files, many people make the argument that unless you are a “professional level listener” and always use the absolute highest quality of speakers, that you’ll never notice the difference between the two formats.

If you are the average person who just wants to listen to good music and has decent speakers or headphones, chances are you will never even notice the difference. If that is the case, it makes sense when you’re converting your audio fies, to use the lossy audio format and save the space.

Some of the more popular lossless formats are WAV, AIFF, FLAC, Apple Lossless and APE. Some of the more popular lossy formats are MP3, AAC, OGG.

It is important to keep this in mind when you are converting your audio files.

 

In the early days of this frenzied electronic revolution, it seemed like everything was much easier. You had one computer and you read your books in their “old school” physical form. While those early daysebook-converter were less complicated, we also didn’t have nearly as many options as we do today. These days, more and more people are reading books on many different electronic devices. While this is wonderful technology, it has also created some very technical problems. solving those problems is the reason you need a good ebook converter to help you out.

Today, we don’t just have those desktop computers, we also have laptops, tablets, and smartphones. When you throw e-readers into the mix, it gets really, really complicated. The problem is that our expectations have changed along with this technology and today we want to be able to access everything we have, from anywhere we want, and we want to be able to do it “now”.

All Devices, All the Time

Everyone wants all of the books you buy to be available on your e-reader, but sometimes you also want to be able to read on your phone or your computer. Sometimes you want to even buy your ebooks from different sources. When your old e-reader wears out, you may even want to move your books from one e-reader to another.

In order for all of those pieces to work like you want them to, sometimes it means you have use a good ebook converter to help you make it happen.

Reasons You May Need an Ebook Coverter

One of the potential problems with e-books is that they are delivered in a very specific type of file. Some e-readers can handle many different types of files, but some are also very limited in the number of different files they can read.

In the best case scenario, the ebook you buy is delivered in a format that works with your e-reader, computer or phone. However, this is not always the case. If you get a book in the wrong type of file, you may have to convert it before you can read it.

If you buy a new e-reader that does NOT read the types of files from your old e-reader, it can be very difficult to transfer them. This happens a lot with e-readers that are inexpensive. One of the ways they keep costs down is that they don’t offer very much flexibility. Of course, unless you’ve experienced this problem before, you are not likely to understand the potential problems until it’s too late. The good news is that a good online ebook converter can help you retain access to your books.

You can also have a problem that is caused from where you purchased the ebook. In most cases, if you bought the book from a larger seller, you probably won’t have very much trouble. However, if you buy the book from a smaller seller, or even an individual person or small website, you may receive the book as a file type that doesn’t work with your device. In this case, you may have to convert the ebook files before you can even access the book in the first place.

Another reason you may need to find a good online ebook converter is if you have a huge document that you want to put on your e-reader (so it’s always with you and ready when you have a few spare minutes while waiting for the dentist or standing in line). You can’t do that with a Word document unless you have a mobile device that ALSO has the ability to read Word files, which is rare. A simple answer is to convert the Word file to the type of file that can be viewed by your e-reader and add it.

Clearly, it’s important for you to have access to a good ebook converter from time to time. If you bookmark this page, you’ll be able to convert your ebook, stress-free, when the time comes that you need it.

Unless you are a true “techie”, advances in the world of technology come at a cost. Of course, it’s always nice to have new tools and functionality that allow you to do things you couldn’t in the past. However, the downside is that sometimes technology changes so fast, it’s difficult to keep up. That is definitely the case when deciding whether to convert to an MP3 or MP4 file.

Many people make the mistake of assuming that “bigger is always better”. For example, when a new iPhone comes out, you assume that the iPhone 5 is a better version of the iPhone 4. However, that same logic could get you in trouble when you are deciding whether to convert to an MP3 or MP4 file. The problem is that an MP4 file is NOT just a bigger, better version of an MP3 file.

The Differences Between MP3 and MP4convert to an MP3 or MP4

In order to decide between converting to an MP3 or MP4 file, you must have a better understanding of each type of file.

MP3

The MP3 file format has been the standard for music files for quite some time. The actual name of an MP3 file is MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3. Audio files are typically very large, and an MP3 file compresses the size. It does this through a process called “loss”. It uses a psychoacoustic model to remove some of the data from the original audio file that people don’t actually hear. A typical MP3 file is usually about 1/11th the size of the original audio file.

MP4

An MP4 file (MPEG-4 Part 14) is a “container” format. That means that instead of storing the code for the file, it stores the data. One big benefit of this difference is that an MP4 file can be streamed online.

However, because of the container format, there is not a standard way to handle the coding of the file. This means the specific codec will determine how the file will be coded and even compressed.

Why Are You Converting Your Audio File

There are clear differences between the two types of files. An MP3 file can only store audio files. An MP4 file can also store video files and even has the ability to include subtitles. An MP4 also has the ability to store files that have been compressed via different methods.

A device made to play MP4 files can sometimes, but not always, play an MP3, but a device that only plays an MP3 can never play an MP4.

Should You Convert to an MP3 or MP4?

You will need to carefully consider the reason for your file conversion to answer this question. If you are converting your file in order to submit it to a website online, the answer is determined by what type of file they accept.

If you are converting your audio files for your own reasons, it will likely be determined by your own personal needs (device, storage, etc).

Regardless of which option you choose, the changes to technology, devices, etc will likely change at some point. What you need “today” won’t be the same thing you need “tomorrow”. Because of that, you should have a free and easy online file converter LINK ready and waiting. That way, when you’re needs change, you will be ready to change with them!